FIG. 14. BEFORE AND AFTER PRUNING FOUR-ARM VINE TRAINED ON KNIFFIN PLAN

Food Gardens for Defense, 1942, M. G. Kains. Grosset & Dunlap. New York.

When first you practice this "butchery," you will doubtless feel as you perhaps think a criminal should feel after having committed mayhem. But when each of these buds develops into a long, strong, green, leafy shoot, and, by June, shows from 2 to perhaps 5 fine clusters of fragrant flowers, you won't feel so bad.

T, trunk; S, sucker (to make new trunk); WS, waterspout or "bull" cane; 1, 2, 3, 4, old arms; C, cane; L, lateral; Sp, spur (one to three eyes—buds); a, b, c, d, new arms; AB, where old arms are to be cut.