Louisa S. Cook, Geometrical Psychology or the Science of Representation: an Abstract of the Theories and Diagrams of B. W. Betts, George Redway, 1887


Figures 11 [right], 12 are similar forms, but developed from scales M K instead of K M. The difference between the two, instead of spreading outwards as a foliation of pleasure, turns inwards as a determination of pain. The man's spontaneous impulse to action is equal to K, but his action must be determined as M. Consequently he works under compulsion. The necessity that his nature should obey its law compels hiim to do more work than he desires. In the omega form probably this would appear as an over-scrupulousness and over-sensitiveness of conscience amounting to disease.