[ToC]

 

Helen Hays, "Polyandry in the Spotted Sandpiper," The Living Bird Eleventh Annual of the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, 1972

THE FEEDING AND DISPLAYING RANGES OF THE SEX FEMALE SPOTTED SANDPIPERS THAT NESTED ON GREAT GULL ISLAND IN 1970

A grid divides the island into quadrats 25 meters square. Grid lines running north-south are numbered 1-30 from east to west. Grid lines running east-west are marked B-G from north to south. Females are identified by a color and their ranges marked with dotted, dashed, or dotted and dashed lines. The nests, broods, or nests and broods of each female are numbered consecutively within her range. Female Red's third nest is numbered 1a because she renested with her first mate after he lost his first brood.