[ToC]

 

Dr. Edward Howell, Enzyme Nutrition: the Food Enzyme Concept, Avery Publishing Group, 1985

DIAGRAMMATIC REPRESENTATIONS OF FOOD-ENZYME STOMACHS

Food-Enzyme Stomachs Illustrated as Squares in the Following

In humans, the cardian portion is the food-enzyme stomach.

In seed-eating birds such as the chicken and the pigeon, the crop is the food-enzyme stomach.

In ruminative animals such as the cow and the sheep, there are three food-enzyme stomaches: 1st—Rumen; 2nd—Reticulum; 3rd—Omasum

In Cetacia such as the dolphin and the whale , the 1st stomach is the food-enzyme stomach