Paul Schwartz and David W. Snow, "Display and Related Behavior of the Wire-Tailed Manakin," The Living Bird Seventeenth Annual of the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, 1978


One of the most important displays of the Wire-tailed Manakin, it is shown here as part of a coordinated display between two males (A and B). Several typical flight paths are indicated (A, A', A''). The thin lines to the left of flight path A' indicated the most usual range in the more vertical flight paths where the Kloop is produced. Dots represent perches. This display is directed toward the passive male (B) on the main display perch. The insets show the active male (A) veering back to the vacated main perch rather than continuing to an auxiliary perch as he does usually.