[ToC]

 

Michael Miklin, Population, Environment, and Social Organization: Current Issues in Human Ecology, The Dryden Press, 1973

A TAXONOMY OF SUSTENANCE ORGANIZATION OR ACTIVITIES WITH SELECTED EXAMPLES

A further distinction is drawn in Figure 1 between two types of collective sustenance organization. In the one case there is differentiation--a division of labor calling for different types of activities and skills, along with a system of statuses. Thus, the configuration of sustenance activities found in a modern hospital constitutes a collective-service-differentiated sustenance organization. On the other hand, a hunting party in a preliterate society may lack a division of labor in this sense, and would be classified as a collective-isolated-undifferentiated sustenance organization.