Harriett Shepard and Lenore Meyer, Posing for the Camera, Hastings House, 1960


Upper arm positions can be noted or directed by locating the elbow. When the body faces front, the elbow may move, within its restricted area, out (away from the body), up, in (toward the center of the body), and down again. This circuit establishes for basic stops or positions for the elbow with many intermediate positions. In its normal position the upper arm hangs down from the shoulder and therefore the most used sector for the upper arm is out and down.